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Pretérito Indefinido PDF Drukuj Email

PRETÉRITO INDEFINIDO (nazywany także Pretérito Perfecto Simple)

 

Zastosowanie:

Czasu Pretérito Indefinido używamy:

  • wyraża czynności zakończone/dokonane/przeszłe np. ¿Qué pasó? - Co się stało?, Ayer fregué los platos de la comida - Wczoraj umyłem naczynia z obiadu.
  • wyraża czynności, które wydarzyły się w przeszłości w  konkretnym, określonym przedziale czasowym,
  • wyraża czynność krótkotrwałą i jednorazową, która wydarzyła się przed chwilą np. Salió de casa y fue al teatro - Wyszedł z domu i poszedł do teatru.
  • wyrażania czynności, które miały miejsce w konkretnym punkcie w przeszłości np. En 1978 lo conocí - Poznałem go w 1978.
  • zazwyczaj czasu tego używa się razem z następującymi okolicznikami czasu: ayer, el año pasado, hace tres meses, la semana pasada, anoche, hace mucho, entonces, en el año.. np. Ayer la visitó en su casa - Wczoraj odwiedził ją w domu.

 

Konstrukcja

HABLAR

yo hablé

tú hablaste

él, ella, usted habló

nosotros/as hablamos

vosotros/as hablasteis

ellos/as, ustedes hablaron

COMER

yo comí

tú comiste

él/ella, usted com

nosotros/as comimos

vosotros/as comisteis

ellos/as, ustedes comieron

VIVIR

yo viví

tú viviste

él/ella, usted viv

nosotros/as vivimos

vosotros/as vivisteis

ellos/as, ustedes vivieron

 

Istnieje spora grupa czasowników, które mają nieregularną odmianę w tym czasie.Wśród najczęściej używanych możemy wyróżnić: dar, tener, estar, ser, ir, decir, hacer, querer, poder

 

 

1os.l.p

2os.l.p.

3os.l.p

1os.l.mn

2os.l.mn

3os.l.mn

DAR

di

diste

dio

dimos

disteis

dieron

TENER

tuve

tuviste

tuvo

tuvimos

tuvisteis

tuvieron

ESTAR

estuve

estuviste

estuvo

estuvimos

estuvisteis

estuvieron

SER/IR

fui

fuiste

fue

fuimos

fuisteis

fueron

DECIR

dije

dijiste

dijo

dijimos

dijisteis

dijeron

HACER

hice

hiciste

hizo

hicimos

hicisteis

hicieron

QUERER

quise

quisiste

quiso

quisimos

quisisteis

quisieron

PODER

pude

pudiste

pudo

pudimos

pudisteis

pudieron

 

Przykłady zdań z użyciem czasu Pretérito Indefinido:

1)       Hace cinco días lo ví en la iglesia. - 5 dni temu widziałem go w kościele.

2)       Apagué la luz y salí. - Zgasiłem światło i wyszedłem.

3)       Este libro me dio mi conocida el mes pasado. - Tą książkę dała mi moja znajoma w zeszłym miesiącu.

4)       Ayer cenamos fuera de casa. - Wczoraj jedliśmy poza domem.

5)       El Papa Juan Pablo II nació en Wadowice en el año 1920. - Papież Jan Paweł II urodził się w Wadowicach w 1920 roku.

 

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